R&F Encaustic Paints 

R&F Encaustic Paints

Encaustic is a wax based paint (composed of beeswax, resin and pigment), which is kept molten on a heated palette. It is applied to an absorbent surface and then reheated in order to fuse the paint.  The word ‘encaustic’ comes from the Greek word enkaiein, meaning to burn in, referring to the process of fusing the paint.  Although they come fro...

Encaustic is a wax based paint (composed of beeswax, resin and pigment), which is kept molten on a heated palette. It is applied to an absorbent surface and then reheated in order to fuse the paint.  The word ‘encaustic’ comes from the Greek word enkaiein, meaning to burn in, referring to the process of fusing the paint.  Although they come from the same root word, ‘encaustic’ should not be confused with ‘caustic,’ which refers to a corrosive chemical reaction. There is no such hazard with encaustic.

Opulence. Encaustic is perhaps the most beautiful of all artists' paints, and it is as versatile as any 21st century medium. It can be polished to a high gloss, carved, scraped, layered, collaged, dipped, cast, modeled, sculpted, textured, and combined with oil. It cools immediately, so that there is no drying time, yet it can always be reworked.

Wax is its own varnish. Encaustic paintings do not have to be varnished or protected by glass because encaustic, which is the most durable of all artists' paints, is its own protector. This is because beeswax is impervious to moisture, which is one of the major causes of deterioration in a paint film. Wax resists moisture far more than resin varnish or oil. Buffing encaustic will give luster and saturation to color in just the same way resin varnish does.

No yellowing. Encaustic paint will not yellow  or darken. However, wax itself is photoreactive, so unpigmented encaustic medium that has been kept in dark storage will darken slightly. When re-exposed to light that darkening will bleach out.

No solvents. Encaustic paint does not require the use of solvents. As a result, a number of health hazards are reduced or eliminated.

UNDERSTANDING ENCAUSTIC

Encaustic is a beeswax-based painting medium that is worked with heat.  It can be used as a luminous traditional painting medium, but it also has the potential to obscure the boundaries between mediums like no other art material, resulting in works that are just as much about painting or sculpture as they are about photography, drawing, printmaking, installation or a variety of craft techniques. Artists of all kinds are discovering its unifying potential, unique properties and versatility.

Painting with encaustic is a multi-step process.  First, the paint must be melted, or liquefied.  Next, the molten paint is applied to a porous surface. Then the applied wax is reheated, or fused into, the working surface, allowing it to form a good bond.  As a final option, the cooled paint can be buffed to bring up the luster of the wax and resin.

BASIC SET-UP SUGGESTIONS
•  You will need a clean level counter or worktable to put a heated palette on.  When setting up your worktable take into consideration the space that your palette will occupy and give yourself extra room for additional materials.  
•  You will want to make sure that your work area has proper ventilation. Exhaust fans in windows, cross-ventilation, or a studio ventilation system are all good options.  It is important that you have a source of fresh air in your workspace.  
•   It will be imperative that you have adequate electrical outlets available for use. Consider that you will have a palette, possibly a heat gun and/or other tools that will require electricity and it will be helpful to position your workspace accordingly.  
•  Keep in mind that anytime you use heated tools/equipment it is recommended that you have a burn kit and a fire extinguisher on-hand for safety purposes.  

WORK SURFACE
A counter or table to hold an electric palette, heat gun, tools and your work-in-progress.

VENTILATION
Though not unpleasant to smell, wax fumes should be treated like solvent fumes.  A well-placed window fan should be adequate for a small set-up.  Click here to read our Ventilating Your Studio for Encaustic Paints Technical Sheet.


SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Your workspace should be free of any solvents and flammable materials.  A burn kit and fire extinguisher are also recommended.

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

HEATED PALETTE
The heated palette is an essential tool to the encaustic artist.  It provides a surface to heat and mix encaustic paint and medium on. Less expensive alternatives to purchasing a custom palette include electric skillets, crock-pots or electric griddles.  R&F’s heated palettes are designed specifically for encaustic  painters and feature an anodized aluminum surface which prevents reactivity that could discolor pigments.  The versatile aluminium surface also makes it easy to see paint colors. Regardless of the palette you select, it is important that it be equipped with temperature controls. 

PALETTE SURFACE THERMOMETER
It is crucial to be able to monitor the surface temperature of your palette.  A surface thermometer can easily assist you in monitoring the temperature of your palette (the safe working temperature for encaustic paint ranges from 180-200°F). For this reason, R&F offers a heavy duty Thermometerthat sits on top of your palette surface.

FUSING TOOLS
As you apply layers of paint to your support you will want to fuse (or re-heat) each layer to ensure that it is adhered to your ground or substrate.  It is important to fuse between layers to prevent them from separating.  There are two methods for fusing; either indirect (heat gun, torches, light bulbs, or sunlight) or direct (tacking irons, spatulas, heated brushes, plaster tools, palette and paint knives, etc.)

BRUSHES
Use natural bristle brushes only;  synthetic brushes can burn and melt on the palette.

MARK-MAKING TOOLS
Any type of mark-making tool will work with Encaustic paint.  We recommend etching, wood carving dental, sculpture, and clay working tools.

SUPPORTS
For best results, encaustic should be painted on a rigid, absorbent, and heat resistant surface.  Examples include: wood (maple or birch plywood), heavy watercolor or printmaking paper glued to board, or raw canvas glued to board (avoid pre-gessoed canvas boards).  Please note that you can use  paper as your support, but you will want to consider the size and rigidity of the paper.  

Three-dimensional or sculptural work that is porous and rigid can also be used. Plaster, stone, wood, terra cotta, or cast paper are all acceptable surfaces to work on.  

SOY OR PARAFFIN WAX
There are two options for clean-up, either Soy or Paraffin wax.  We recommend using soy wax for clean-up because soybeans are a renewable resource, while paraffin is a petroleum based product.  An additional benefit to using soy wax is that it can be washed off with soap and water leaving brushes supple.

PALETTE CUPS
Great for keeping melted waxes separate on your palette.  R&F carries heavy aluminum and steel alloy rectangular palette cups in two sizes (sm|lg) to fit our 40 ml and 104 ml cakes. 

ENCAUSTIC PAINTS
There really is no general recommendation for a starter palette of colors, since different artists have individual preferences, but we recommend that you choose a good balance of opaque and transparent colors.  Try starting with a red, yellow and blue, and build from there.

More
Image Product Name Availability Unit price Qty Add to Cart
Encaustic Paints: Alizarin Crimson 40ml

Alizarin Crimson 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PR 83
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Alizarin Orange 40ml

Alizarin Orange 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PY 83 PR177
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Azure Blue 40ml

Azure Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PB15:3 PB29 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Brilliant Yellow Extra Pale 40ml

Brilliant Yellow Extra Pale 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PW6 PW37
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Burnt Scarlet 40ml

Burnt Scarlet 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PR206
In Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Burnt Sienna 40ml

Burnt Sienna 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PBr7
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Burnt Umber 40ml

Burnt Umber 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Opaque PBr7
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Cadmium Green Pale 40ml

Cadmium Green Pale 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PG 18 PY37
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Cadmium Orange 40ml

Cadmium Orange 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PO20
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Cadmium Red Deep 40ml

Cadmium Red Deep 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PR108
In Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints:Cadmium Red Medium 40ml

Cadmium Red Medium 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PR108
In Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Cadmium Yellow Light 40ml

Cadmium Yellow Light 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PY37
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Cadmium Yellow Medium 40ml

Cadmium Yellow Medium 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PY37
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Cerulean Blue 40ml

Cerulean Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Opaque PB35
In Stock
PHP 1,892.00
Encaustic Paints: Cerulean Extra Pale 40ml

Cerulean Extra Pale 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PB35 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Cobalt Blue 40ml

Cobalt Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 1 on stock
Opaque PB28
In Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Celadon Green 40ml

Celadon Green 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 3 on stock
Opaque PG17 PY37 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Dianthus Pink 40ml

Dianthus Pink 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PW6 PW7 PV19
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Egyptian Violet 40ml

Egyptian Violet 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 0 on stock
Transparent PV23
Out of Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Green Gold 40ml

Green Gold 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PY83
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Indian Yellow 40ml

Indian Yellow 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PY83
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Indigo 40ml

Indigo 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 0 on stock
Semi-Transparent PBr7 PB29 PB15:3
Out of Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Iridescent Gold 40ml

Iridescent Gold 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Opaque
In Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Iridescent Pearl 40ml

Iridescent Pearl 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 0 on stock
Semi-Opaque
Out of Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Iridescent Silver 40ml

Iridescent Silver 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 0 on stock
Semi-Transparent
Out of Stock
PHP 1,661.00
Encaustic Paints: Ivory Black 40ml

Ivory Black 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Opaque PBlk9
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Jaune Brillant 40ml

Jaune Brillant 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PO20 PY37 PR101 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: King's Blue 40ml

King's Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PB28 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Malachite Green 40ml

Malachite Green 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PB15:3 PB29 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Manganese Blue Hue 40ml

Manganese Blue Hue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 0 on stock
Transparent PB35 PB15:3 PW7
Out of Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Mars Red 40ml

Mars Red 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PR101
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Mars Yellow Light 40ml

Mars Yellow Light 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PY42
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Naples Yellow 40ml

Naples Yellow 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PY37 PY42 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Payne's Grey 40ml

Payne's Grey 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PBr7 PB29 PV19
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Neutral White 40ml

Neutral White 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Phthalo Blue 40ml

Phthalo Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PB15:3
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Quinacridone Red 40ml

Quinacridone Red 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PV19
In Stock
PHP 1,509.00
Encaustic Paints: Raw Sienna 40ml

Raw Sienna 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PBr7
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Raw Umber 40ml

Raw Umber 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Semi-Transparent PBr7
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Titanium White 40ml

Titanium White 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PW6
In Stock
PHP 988.00
Encaustic Paints: Sap Green  40ml

Sap Green 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PY83 PG7 PR101
In Stock
PHP 1,341.00
Encaustic Paints: Turquoise Blue 40ml

Turquoise Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Opaque PB15:3 PG7 PW6 PW7
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00
Encaustic Paints: Ultramarine Blue 40ml

Ultramarine Blue 40ml

R&F Handmade Paints 2 on stock
Transparent PB29
In Stock
PHP 1,088.00

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