Since 4 generations the traditional Schmincke-goal is making and providing the very best finest artists' colours for demanding artists. In 1881 Josef Horadam and Hermann Schmincke, affiliated through their wives, searched and found traditional resin-oil-colour recipes, almost lost during the last period before the invention of the metal tube. (Without tight containers like tubes the resin-oil-colours could not be durably kept while painting outside).
At the Academy in Florence, Professor Cesare Mussini(never painting outside) still preserved old family recipes of finest natural resin-oil-colours. They became the initial and immediately successful exclusive program of the colour-manufacturing plant founded by the two chemist colour-men H. Schmincke and J. Horadam, while others continued to make the more simple oil-colours without resins as they became used to before the invention of tubes.lt took Josef Horadam 11 years after the founding of the Schmincke-factory in 1881 to research, develop and further improve "his" watercolour-line to top the watercolours, invented earlier in England. In 1892 he received his first Prussian patent for his "HORADAM Patent-Aquarellfarben", followed by patents in several other European countries like France and Hungaria.Still today MUSSINI® finest dammar-resin-oil-colours and HORADAM® AQUARELL, finest watercolours are the strongest and most renowned legs of the Schmincke program of finest artists' colours.Of course the whole program is permanently adapted and further improved benefiting especially from newer superb developments of the pigment research world-wide. Less costly but still finest "normal" small oil colour-assortments for the high-class teaching needs of various academy-professors were soon harmonised, rationalised, "normalised" into a relatively shorter but still "finest" Norma® oil-colour assortment (todays Norma® Professional finest oil-colour-line). Those Norma® Professional finest artists' oil colours, comparable to other first leading brands worldwide, allow Schmincke to directly compete with the other leading brands without the need to communicate with users as to the superiority of the most traditional dammar-resin-oil-colours MUSSINI®.